N12237 is used for movie stunts and reenactments.[1]


Design and development

The LF-1 was built in Glendale, California specifically to represent a World War I Nieuport 28 fighter for movie stunt work. Designed by Claude Flagg, the aircraft was commissioned by Garland Lincoln, a pilot and supplier of aircraft for motion picture work. Three examples were built.[1]

While similar in appearance, the aircraft is shorter than the Nieuport it replicates, with a 200 hp (149 kW) radial engine that is much more powerful. Other modifications included the substitution of a steel tube framework and a one-piece upper wing without dihedral.[1]

Operational history

N12237 was featured in Hell in the Heavens (1934), Dawn Patrol (1938), and Men with Wings (1938). It was later used by Frank Tallman and Paul Mantz in other film and television work.[2][3]

While still owned by Tallmantz, the aircraft appeared in television shows including "Get Smart", "The Twilight Zone", and "My Three Sons." In the early 1970s the LF-1 was named "Snoopy" when the Red Baron first appeared in Charles M Schulz's Peanuts comic strip. Schulz used the aircraft to promote Snoopy as the Flying Ace at publicity events.

In 1975, Frank Tallman piloted the repainted LF-1 to appear in The Great Waldo Pepper. Tallman was hospitalized after the aircraft collided with high tension wires and crashed during filming. He offered the damaged aircraft for sale and, as of 2012 Brent Moné owns the aircraft.[4]



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Popular Aviation, June 1937.
  2. AAHS Journal, Volume 51, 2006.
  3. "Garland-Lincoln History.", November 5, 2012.
  4. Gay, Melinda. "Snoopy's Flying Aircraft." Red Baron Flyer (Charles M. Schulz Sonoma County Airport), Issue 21, October 2009.


  • Cheesman E.F. (ed.) Fighter Aircraft of the 1914-1918 War. Letchworth, UK: Harleyford Publications, 1960, pp. 98–99.
  • Cooksley, Peter. Nieuport Fighters in Action (Aircraft No. 167). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications, 1997. ISBN 978-0-89747-377-4.

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